Write RaspBerry image to SD card via command line
I am in the process of rebuilding my Docker/Kubernetes portable cluster which I build using a couple of RaspberryPi 4 and as part of this I needed to reflash the various SD cards where operating system for each node is installed.
Usually Balena Etcher is my go-to tool for such endeavours but being in a rush and not easy way to download the tool on my Linux box I simply used the good old command line, here is how this is done.
First of all we need to locate the device mapped to our SD card, in my case I’m using a microSD to USB adapter, which can be done with the following command:
sudo fdisk -l Disk /dev/sda: 931.51 GiB, 1000204886016 bytes, 1953525168 sectors Disk model: WDC WD1003FZEX-0 Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes Disklabel type: dos Disk identifier: 0x806d3748 Device Boot Start End Sectors Size Id Type /dev/sda1 * 2048 1126399 1124352 549M 7 HPFS/NTFS/exFAT /dev/sda3 1024002048 1953519615 929517568 443.2G 7 HPFS/NTFS/exFAT Disk /dev/sdb: 465.76 GiB, 500107862016 bytes, 976773168 sectors Disk model: Samsung SSD 850 Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes Disklabel type: dos Disk identifier: 0xde0a016a Device Boot Start End Sectors Size Id Type /dev/sdb1 * 2048 2099199 2097152 1G 83 Linux /dev/sdb2 2099200 976773119 974673920 464.8G 83 Linux <snip for brevity> Device Boot Start End Sectors Size Id Type /dev/sdd1 * 2048 526335 524288 256M c W95 FAT32 (LBA) /dev/sdd2 526336 6819619 6293284 3G 83 Linux
In my case the SD card is mapped to device /dev/sdd, once we have found the device to use the following command:
xzcat ./ubuntu-21.04-preinstalled-server-arm64+raspi.img.xz | sudo dd bs=4M of=/dev/sdd conv=fsync 0+425226 records in 0+425226 records out 3491662848 bytes (3.5 GB, 3.3 GiB) copied, 99.9634 s, 34.9 MB/s
In the above example I used Ubuntu Server 21.04 as the operating system with the image file being stored in the same path where the command is being run but the same can be used with any other image file.
I hope this can be useful and probably in the future I will post how to easily build a portable Docker/Kubernetes cluster lab.